On March 3, the Hainan delegation to the Third Session of the Twelfth National People's Congress held its first plenary meeting at the Yuanwanglou Hotel, where it lives. Delegates discussed the draft proposals to be submitted to the Third Session of the Twelfth National People's Congress. Among them, the "Suggestions on Supporting the Development of State-owned Natural Rubber Industry to Ensure the Safety of Strategic Resources Supply" put forward by the General Administration of Agriculture and Reclamation has attracted considerable attention.
Natural rubber is an important strategic material and industrial raw material. Through investigation, the General Administration of Agriculture and Reclamation of Shandong Province obtained data: limited by the natural environment, natural rubber can be planted only in Hainan Province, Guangdong Province and southern Yunnan Province. The planting area is only about 1 million hectares, and the annual output is only 700,000 tons. Therefore, as the largest consumer of natural rubber in the world, nearly 80% of China's natural rubber raw materials need to rely on foreign imports. There are great security risks in the supply of strategic resources.
Since 2012, a large number of international speculative capital has entered the circulation field of natural rubber raw materials and manipulated prices, resulting in the price of natural rubber raw materials falling sharply all the way. The transaction price has been lower than the actual production cost for a long time. The sustainable development of state-owned rubber plantations has been seriously affected, which may affect the national natural rubber strategic resources. Medium and long term protection.
This situation has aggravated the shortage of natural rubber strategic resources in China. Some rubber farmers even abandoned their jobs because of their low economic income, and some private rubber parks have gradually stopped managing and cutting rubber.
Natural rubber is the pillar industry of Hainan agriculture. The General Administration of Agriculture and Reclamation of Hainan Province believes that the state should take necessary policies and measures to protect the natural rubber industry in Hainan and even the whole country from serious impact. For example, the National Development and Reform Commission and other relevant ministries and commissions may apply to include the core rubber plantations of Haijiao Group in the key support projects in the national "13th Five-Year Plan" development plan, increase investment in rubber renewal and planting, small and medium-sized seedling management, rubber plantation road bridge and culvert construction, rubber farmer production housing construction, improved varieties and seedlings, materials and equipment, and at the same time, refer to the Ministry. In Southeast Asian countries, the government's direct subsidy policy to local rubber farmers will be implemented to increase financial support for rubber base construction and enhance industrial competitiveness.
In addition, the General Administration of Agriculture and Reclamation of the province also suggested that the state could implement price differential subsidy or increase rubber storage efforts, that is, subsidize the part of rubber price below cost price, or increase policy rubber storage efforts while commercial storage, so as to mitigate the damage of large fluctuations in rubber prices to the industry and protect the sustainable development of the industry.
It is understood that in 2013, Haijiao Group invested 2 million yuan specially and cooperated closely with Dawning Research Institute to carry out two major scientific and technological projects and achieved phased results - "Research and Development of Natural Rubber for Aeronautical Tires" project has mastered key technologies, and the relevant indicators and properties have reached or even surpassed imported cigarette film. On this basis, the Ministry of Science and Technology and other relevant ministries and commissions can increase their support for the construction of military natural rubber production base in China to ensure the need for national defense rubber.
Hainan Island is facing greater natural risks in developing rubber industry. Although Haijiao Group and China People's Property Insurance Co., Ltd. have carried out a cooperative project of rubber tree wind disaster insurance since 2009, according to its reflection, this indemnity alone is far from enough to withstand all kinds of losses caused by natural disasters to rubber farmers. At the end of the Recommendation, the General Administration of Agriculture and Reclamation hopes that the Ministry of Agriculture can promote the government to increase the proportion of financial support, reduce the insurance premium rate and increase the amount of compensation for rubber loss per plant. In addition, when Hainan suffers from severe drought, cold and flood, the state will provide certain relief funds to ensure that the basic livelihood of rubber farmers is guaranteed.
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